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Antarctica is in fact an archipelage of large islands covered by 1.5 kilometer of ice.

The maps of Reis, Phynius, and Mercator present Antarctica when the ancient Egyptian and Shumer civilizations were newborn. Most historian argue that there were no civilization of that  kind and quality before or in the late 5th millenium B. C.  This point of view is excepted by almost all of the professional historians.


However the Piri Reis map shows that the northern part of that continent has been mapped before the ice did cover it. That anyone who has the capability to produce such a map must have possessed great knowledge in the field of navigation, cartography, and astronomy. In the West this type of knowledge did appaer, arround the the 18th century. Do not get depressed by it, for a long time Columbus was hailled for discovering America, the earth the center of the universe, the world was flat and if you would sail to far on the Ocean you could fall of. Workers at the  US technical intelligence where asked to determine the projection center of the Piri Reis map, whose data belongs to 4000 year B. C. The projection center was supposedly situated near today's Cairo. However at that time, according to most historians, all then-existing nations were at a very low level of development? The age of the ice above antarctica dated as old as 27 million years.


Reis map: the shore of the continent was free of ice. On the Phynius map, made 18 years after the Reis map, there is an ice cap around the South Pole within the limits of 80th and the 75th parallels. Two hundred years later, academician Boiche depicted Antarctica with glaciers. The conclusion is obvious: we can see the process of the spreading of glaciers on the southern continent.


In 1949, Admiral Baird's expedition bore holes into the Ross Sea in three spots, where Orontheus Phynius marked river-beds. In the cuts, fine-grained layers were found, obviously brought to the sea with rivers, whose sources were situated in temperate latitudes (i.e. free of glaciers). While using the nuclear dating method of doctor U. Oury from the Karnegy Institute in Washington, scientists discovered that Antarctica's rivers, which were sources of fine-dyspersated deposits, were flowing as depicted on the Phynius map, about 6,000 years ago. About 4000 years B. C., glacial sediments started to accumulate on the bottom of Ross Sea. Kernels show that before this, there was a long warm period.



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