"Increase consumption of whole grain foods and cereal products, vegetables (including dried beans and peas), and fruits." High-fibres vegetable foods including sea vegetables are the healthiest choices for human nutrition.
Fibre or Poly-saccharide being part of the cell wall structure in seaweed and algae. Seaweed is very rich in polysaccharides while land plant rich in cellulose. Polysaccharides are more flexible or softer then cellulose. Land plants need cellulose to be able to stand up. (Pull of gravity). Seaweed floats in the water no pull.
Lack of fibre typical a problem of Western society.
U.S. Surgeon General C. Everett Koop in his 1988 Report on Nutrition and Health recommended reduction in four areas (fats and cholesterol, weight, sodium and alcohol).
Only one area received a positive recommendation, "complex carbohydrates and fibre." The report says: "Increase consumption of whole grain foods and cereal products, vegetables (including dried beans and peas), and fruits." High-fibre vegetable foods including sea vegetables are the healthiest choices for human nutrition, and intake of these foods is associated with lowered incidences of hypertension, cancer, arthritis, diabetes, etc. Complex carbohydrates, or polysaccharides, are made mostly of long strands of simple sugars. They are found in grains, fruits, legumes (peas and beans), and other vegetables. Complex carbohydrates include three types of dietary fibre - cellulose, hemicelluloses and gums & starches.
A single starch molecule may contain from 300 to 1,000 or more sugar units. The giant molecules are packed side by side in a plant root or seed, providing energy for the plant.
The Polysaccharides present in Sea kelp, several 'seaweed' pigments including chlorophyll, and all the antioxidant vitamins and minerals, help cleanse the digestive tract, blood, lymph, and kidneys, and neutralize cholesterol.
Used in food structuring, cosmetics, health care, they also have many industrial applications. Polysaccharides possess reasonable physical properties, can be modified and changed at room and body temperature, and the changes reversed using ionic, electrolytic, or chemically, enzymes and bacteria. Their structure allows them to become water soluble or changing to not.
Chemical reactions taking place at low (body) temperature are of paramount importance and as such the main building blocks used in body chemistry. Most important and best known are; Alginates, Cyclodextrins, Glycosaminoglycans, Insulin's, Pullulans, Carrageenans, Heparins, Konjacs, Dextrans, Haaluronates, Locust, Tragacanth, Chitins & Chitosans, beta-Glucans, Guarans, Pectins, fucoidans and Xanthan, which are widely used in the food and pharmaceutical industry because of these properties.
There is no question any more about the real value of seaweed polysaccharide as an important source of bioactive natural compounds, for their beneficial or physiological effects within the human body well proven.
Now significant attention has been put on the use of algae and seaweed in food or diet and the great variety of nutrients present that are essential for human health. Their ability to be partly fermented by the human colonic micro biota resulted in health benefit effects, the other non digestible part as growth medium for many beneficial micro organism themselves. Especially, the sulphate polysaccharides are now known for and exhibit immuno-modulatory, anti-tumour, anti-thrombotic, anticoagulant, anti-mutagenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and antiviral activities including anti-HIV infection, herpes, and hepatitis viruses.
Sulphated polysaccharide and fuciodan.
Are highly charged poly-anion, which are of special interest in pharmacology. They exhibit numerous biological properties. (According to Logeart et al, 1997).Low anticoagulant activity (Risk of Bleeding). Anti-thrombin, anti-inflammatory and antiviral activities.Interact with growth factors such as FGF1 or TGFbeta1 and protect against proteolysis. (Protein degradation)To promote the formation of new blood vessels, to disrupt the adhesion of tumour cells, and to inhibit growth of several types of tumour cells.
Complex carbohydrates include three types of dietary fibres - cellulose, hemicelluloses and gums - and starches. A single starch molecule may contain from 300 to 1,000 or more sugar units. The giant molecules are packed side by side in a plant root or seed, providing energy.